AP U. S. History Flashcards by Stephen Armstrong PDF
By Stephen Armstrong
Skill-building flashcards that supply six hundred crucial AP phrases for simple memorization utilizing the ease of on-the-go study
5 Steps to a five: AP U.S. heritage Flashcards good points six hundred key phrases that specialist writer Stephen Armstrong has chosen as ones that often seem on AP U.S. historical past checks. this additional instrument raises your wisdom and is helping you in attaining as much as a greatest five rating. you presently have an extra approach to grasp the main phrases which are the root of AP U.S. background luck, brought in a structure that's handy in your lifestyle.
- One time period in step with card, so that you can placed the phrases within the order you desire
- Bulleted checklist of key info for every term
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Extra resources for AP U. S. History Flashcards
Georgia • 1831 Supreme Court case in which the Cherokees claimed that Georgia had no right to enforce laws in Cherokee territory since the Cherokees were a sovereign nation • Chief Justice John Marshall ruled that the Cherokees were a “domestic dependent nation” and could not appeal in a federal court Removal Act of 1830 Removal Act of 1830 • Part of the effort to remove Native Americans from western lands to make way for American settlement • Authorized the president to buy all the Native American lands east of the Mississippi and to purchase new lands for the Native Americans west of the Mississippi Trail of Tears Trail of Tears • The forced march of 20,000 members of the Cherokee tribe to their newly designated “homeland” in Oklahoma • Federal troops forced the Cherokees westward in 1838, with 1 out of every 5 Native Americans dying from hunger, disease, or exhaustion along the way Second Great Awakening Second Great Awakening • Religious revival movement that began at the beginning of the 19th century • Revivalist ministers asked thousands of worshippers at revival meetings to save their own souls • Reflected the move away from predestination in American Protestantism Revival Meetings Revival Meetings • Religious meetings consisting of soul-searching, preaching, and prayer that took place during the Second Great Awakening at the beginning of the 19th century • Some revival meetings lasted more than a week Temperance Movement Temperance Movement • Movement that developed in America before the Civil War that lamented the effect that alcohol had on American society • After the Civil War, members of this movement became concerned about the effects of alcohol on the poor and immigrants • Out of this came a drive for prohibition Abolitionist Movement Abolitionist Movement • Movement dedicated to the abolition of slavery that existed primarily in the North in the years leading up to the Civil War • Had both white and black members The Liberator The Liberator • Radical abolitionist journal of William Lloyd Garrison that was first published in 1831 • Garrison and his journal presented the most extreme abolitionist views during the period leading up to the Civil War American Colonization Society American Colonization Society • This society, formed in 1817, stated that the best way to end the slavery problem was for blacks to emigrate to Africa • By 1822, a few blacks emigrated to Liberia • The organization’s views were later rejected by most abolitionists Democratic Party Democratic Party • Party born during the candidacy of Andrew Jackson • Originally drew its principles from Thomas Jefferson and advocated limited government • In modern times, most Democrats favor domestic programs that a larger, more powerful government allows Kitchen Cabinet Kitchen Cabinet • An informal group of advisors, with no official titles, on whom the president relies for advice • The most famous kitchen cabinet was that of Andrew Jackson, who met with several old political friends and two journalists for advice on many occasions Spoils System Spoils System • A patronage system in which an elected official is able to fill government jobs with political allies and former campaign workers • Andrew Jackson began the spoils system • Political reformers of the 1880s and 1890s introduced legislation calling for these jobs to be filled by a merit system Webster-Hayne Debate Webster-Hayne Debate • 1830 Senate debate between Daniel Webster of Massachusetts and Robert Hayne of South Carolina over the issue of states’ rights and nullification • Webster outlined the dangers that would be caused by the practice of nullification • This reflected regional political divisions Force Act Force Act • 1832 legislation that gave President Andrew Jackson the power to invade any state if that action was necessary to enforce federal law • The bill was in response to the nullification of federal tariff regulation by the legislature of South Carolina Bank War Bank War • The political battles surrounding the attempt by President Andrew Jackson to greatly reduce the power of the Second Bank of the United States • Jackson claimed that the bank was designed to serve special interests in America and not the common people Panic of 1837 Panic of 1837 • The American economy suffered a deep depression when Great Britain reduced the amount of credit it offered the United States • American merchants and industrialists had to use their available cash to pay off debts, causing businesses to cut production and lay off workers Whig Party Whig Party • A political party that arose in 1834 in opposition to President Andrew Jackson • Opposed Jackson’s great political power and his use of the spoils system • Favored an activist federal government, unlike the Democrats • Dissolved in the 1850s Monroe Doctrine Monroe Doctrine • President James Monroe’s 1823 statement that an attack by a European state on any nation in the Western Hemisphere would be considered an attack on the United States • Monroe’s statement was scoffed at by certain European political leaders, especially those in Great Britain Frederick Douglass Frederick Douglass • An ex-slave who became a leader of the abolitionist movement • His autobiographical Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass became a key text for those who opposed slavery • He edited an abolitionist newspaper and was active as a lecturer and organizer Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson • The first president to come from the West • Achieved fame as a general, fighting the Creeks and winning the Battle of New Orleans in the War of 1812 • Founded the Democratic Party and was hailed as the champion of the common man John Marshall John Marshall • Served as chief justice of the Supreme Court from 1801 to 1835 • His ruling in Marbury v.
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AP U. S. History Flashcards by Stephen Armstrong