Animal Play: Evolutionary, Comparative and Ecological - download pdf or read online
By Marc Bekoff
Why do animals play? Play has been defined in animals as assorted as reptiles, birds and mammals, so what advantages does it supply and the way did it evolve? cautious, quantitative reports of social, locomotor and item play habit are actually starting to resolution those questions and make clear many different points of either animal and human habit. This special interdisciplinary quantity brings jointly the key findings approximately play in a variety of species together with people. issues approximately play comprise the evolutionary heritage of play, play constitution, functionality and improvement, and intercourse and person modifications. Animal Play is destined to develop into the benchmark quantity during this topic for a few years to return, and may offer a resource of thought and figuring out for college kids and researchers in behavioral biology, neurobiology, psychology and anthropology.
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Extra info for Animal Play: Evolutionary, Comparative and Ecological Perspectives
Thompson, N. S. 1991. Projects, routines and enticements in dog-human play. Pers. Ethol, 9, 189-216. Ortega, J. C. & Bekoff, M. 1987. Avian play: comparative evolutionary and developmental trends. Auk, 104, 338-41. Pagel, M. 1994. Detecting correlated evolution on phylogenies: a general method for the comparative analysis of discrete characters. Proc. R. Soc. Lond, B 255, 37^5. Pellis, S. M. 1993. Sex and the evolution of play fighting: A review and model based on the behavior of muroid rodents.
1982. Comparison matters: curiosity, bears, surplus energy, and why reptiles do not play. Behav. , 5, 159-60. Burghardt, G. M. 1984. On the origins of play. In Play in Animals and Humans, (ed. P. K. Smith), pp. 1-41. London: Basil Blackwell. Burghardt, G. M. 1988. Precocity, play, and the ectotherm-endotherm transition: Profound reorganization or superficial adaptation? In Handbook of Behavioral Neurobiology, Vol. 9. Developmental Psychobiology and Behavioral Ecology (ed. E. M. Blass), pp. 107-148.
Unlike bathing in water, however, the birds often push themselves forward through the snow on their bellies with their bills pushed into the snow, plowing ahead of them. They also sometimes stick their heads deep into the snow while flapping the wings and roll onto their backs. Sliding down inclines Observers from Alaskan and Northern Canadian towns routinely reported to us seeing ravens slide down steep snow covered roofs, only to fly or walk back up and repeat the slide. Ravens in our Maine aviary also roll down mounds of snow, and even do so on their backs with a stick held in the feet!
Animal Play: Evolutionary, Comparative and Ecological Perspectives by Marc Bekoff