Agricultural Policies for Poverty Reduction by OECD Publishing PDF

Development Growth

By OECD Publishing

ISBN-10: 9264112901

ISBN-13: 9789264112902

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Six years later, in 2006, the estimated cumulative number of rural migrants was 132 million (OECD, 2009). In India, which has the largest rural population in the world (approximately 800 million), it is estimated that rural- to-urban migration accounts for about 30% of urbanisation (Mitra and Murayama, 2008). In Brazil, rapid migration from rural areas increased the share of the population in urban areas from 15% in 1940 to 56% in 1970, and to more than 80% in 2000 (Wagner and Ward, 1980; Brazilian Demographic Census 2000).

10. Land, labour use and productivity in Thai agriculture, 1961 to 2007 Agricultural land, 000 ha Economically active population in agriculture, 000 persons Value production per hectare Value production per farm worker USD per ha/worker 26 000 1 100 24 000 1 000 22 000 20 000 900 " ,A211CLIIPt__ 800 111111511111M1,7- 18 000 700 16 000 600 14 000 500 -4LeMill1111111111 12 000 400 300 10 000 o3coN c<;\ co°3 \' \°3 R3N 43°' cb`" cl;\ cb°3 03N 03°' 03('' c;\ °3°3 0(' Source and notes: Computed from FAOSTAT data.

Africa stands out as an exception. First, because of the significant number of countries in which agriculture still accounts for a third or more of GDP; and second because in several of the poorest countries, all with a per capita income of less than USD 1 000 per year, agriculture's share of GDP has actually risen over the past 30 years. The majority of these countries have had weak or negative economic growth and have been marked by conflict or civil strife, attesting to the particular development challenges faced in the region.

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Agricultural Policies for Poverty Reduction by OECD Publishing

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