William E. French's A Peaceful and Working People: Manners, Morals, and Class PDF


By William E. French

ISBN-10: 0826316832

ISBN-13: 9780826316837

The mining growth that started in northern Mexico within the Eighteen Nineties set in movement primary social swap. at the one hand it uprooted many employees, and the troubles of presidency officers, middle-class, reformers, and corporate managers coalesced into legislation and courses to manage the stressed lots. yet adjustments within the mining economic climate and political tradition additionally brought about type attention between retailers and artisans in addition to expert and unskilled employees. This learn of the Hidalgo mining district in Chihuahua from the Nineties to the Twenties examines category formation, particularly its relation to social keep an eye on, well known values, and pre-industrial traditions. In arguing that category id stemmed much less from the character of one's paintings than from the ideals one held, this paintings brings jointly the disparate topics of ethical economic climate of mine employees, new mining expertise, and the administration coverage of mine vendors throughout the Mexican Revolution.

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Extra info for A Peaceful and Working People: Manners, Morals, and Class Formation in Northern Mexico

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29 As mining and milling became even more capital intensive, mine ownership in Hidalgo District came to be concentrated in fewer and fewer hands. After 1904, companies with substantial resources, capable of weathering economic downturns, viewed depressed conditions in the district as a great business opportunity. As one mining investor concluded: "I am sorry to hear how bad business is in your neighborhood. 31 Between 1909 and 1911, investors arrived to consummate big deals in Hidalgo District.

My study of moral reform underlines the complicated relationship that exists between power and morality. For the state, the language of moral reform had long afforded a cultural framework within which it could affirm its power and advance its claim to rule. For the gente decente, morality was the key not only to self-definition but to transforming the "lower" orders into compliant and productive members of society. Finally, for workers, morality offered a medium through which the dominant culture could be resisted or refashioned, while it provided them with a means to assert their own agenda.

Doublejacking mine workers regularly switched tasks to allow maximum effort while wielding the sledge. 51 Such opinions reveal an ignorance of the social dimension of double-handed drilling. In many Mexican mining camps, relativesoften a father and sonlabored together on a drilling team to the benefit of both workers: while the father passed his mining skills to the next generation, the younger man prolonged the father's working life by spending more time in swinging the sledge. 52 Above all else, the industrialization of metal mining meant power drilling rather than drilling by hand.

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A Peaceful and Working People: Manners, Morals, and Class Formation in Northern Mexico by William E. French

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